Import Substitution in Industry over the Period 2014–2017

Sergey Tsukhlo – Head of Business Surveys Department, Center for Real Sector of the Gaidar Institute, Candidate of Economic Sciences. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

As before, the main obstacle to successful import substitution is the absence, in RF territory, of the production of equipment, equipment components and raw materials needed by Russian enterprises. The second issue associated with problematic import substitution is the low quality of domestic products. These factors have remained practically unchanged since 2014, when surveys of Russian enterprises were demonstrating critical dependence of Russian industry on imports. An overwhelming majority of domestic enterprises have been forced to maintain the same share of imports in their purchases. In 2017, the ruble’s strengthening and industry’s successful adaptation to the 2015–2016 crisis resulted in a minimal reduction of the share of import substitution in purchases reported by enterprises over the three-year monitoring period.

Key words: Russian industry, import substitution, real import substitution, planned import substitution.