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Living Standard of Households: Statistical and Sociological Estimation

Tatiana M. Maleva – Director of Institute for Social Analysis and Forecasting, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Candidate of Economic Sciences, Doctor of Business Administration (Moscow, Russia). Е-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Victor Yu. Lyashok – Senior Researcher of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (Moscow, Russia). Е-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Marina A. Eliseeva – Researcher of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (Moscow, Russia). E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Dmitry M. Loginov – Senior Researcher of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Candidate of Economic Sciences (Moscow, Russia). E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Inflation constituted 5.2% in February 2019 against February of the previous year including 5.9% on food products, 4.6% on non-grocery goods and 5.1% on services. Thus, early March, consumer inflation reached the level predicted by Central Bank of the Russian Federation for H1.

In February, number of people employed increased by 0.2 mln while number of unemployed did not change in fact compared to January of the current year. The number of 798.000 people officially registered as unemployed, i.e. growth by 65.000 people.

In 2018, real disposable cash income of households, real accrued wages and salaries and real allotted pensions constituted 100.1, 100.8 and 106.8% respectively against 2017. From Q1 2019 data on cash incomes of households will be estimated according to new edition of methodology and, consequently, lead to change of their structure.

Monetary and subjective poverty of households has slightly decreased against 2015–2017. According to results of 2018, incomes of 12.9% households were below subsistence minimum and 25.2% estimated their financial situation as «bad» or «very bad». Income inequality has not changed in 2018 compared to 2017 being minimum since 2006.

In March 2019, half of households thought that financial situation of their family would not change in the near future while almost a quarter expected improvement and 13% feared deterioration. Representatives of low-income population and relatively senior age groups dominated among pessimists.

Key words: labor market, prices, cash incomes of households, credits, savings, social feeling of households.