Special Economic Zones: the Procedure for the Implementation of Activities and the Provision of Measures of State Support

Xeniya V. Zaykova – Postgraduate Student of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (Moscow, Russia) E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

This article analyzes the current problems of the government systems of territories with special conditions of entrepreneurial activity at the present stage and examines the experience of the existence and functioning of special economic zones in the Russian Federation characterized by diversity and ambiguity. The author’s position takes into account that the existing performance evaluations in the activities of special economic zones are very diverse, and sometimes diametrically opposite.

Sharing the point of view of the basic idea of modernizing this tool, which is to create special economic zones and a single mechanism for the development of territories, which should include not only tax breaks, but also include expanding the powers of regional authorities, which will make it easier for potential investors to understand the conditions of support, as well as to ensure the reduction of time, not only the implementation of the project, but also its return to payback.

The most important element in the formation of special economic zones is the provision of state support measures, which are actions of state authorities of the Russian Federation, state authorities of constituent entities of the Russian Federation, and local governments of a legal, economic, financial and organizational nature in order to support the activities of residents of special economic zones.

Key words: exceptional economic zones, special economic zones, the activities of residents (investors) of special economic zones, government support measures.