Life Expectancy and Mortality Rate in 2018

Ramilya R. Khasanova – Senior Researcher of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Candidate of Economic Sciences (Moscow, Russia). E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

According to aggregated data for 2018, positive tendencies have been observed with regard to life expectancy rates as well as to reduction of infant mortality. However, growth of diseased along decrease of births exacerbates natural decline in the population. A slight decrease in the male mortality rate aged 16–59 is accompanied by growth of this rate in females (16–54). Reduction of mortality from diseases of the circulatory system, neoplasms occurs simultaneously with an increase of mortality from diseases of the digestive system, endocrine system, eating disorders and metabolic disorders, nervous system, mental disorders and behavior disorders.

Key words: life expectancy, mortality rate, infant mortality rate, number of newborns, natural population decline, causes of death.